Pinal County vs. Arizona
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Pinal County:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $43,571
2017 Percent of State = 80.4%
Arizona:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $54,193
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Pinal County with comparisons to Arizona and the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Pinal County.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller counties. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent counties owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Pinal County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Pinal County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Pinal County's annual average earnings per job over 1969-2017 in current and constant (2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Pinal County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Pinal County's average earnings per job increased 459.6%, from $7,786 in 1969 to $43,571 in 2017. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 5.6%, from $38,903 in 1969 to $41,076 in 2017.
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Pinal County's and Arizona's annual real average earnings per job for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate real average earnings per job patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Pinal County's real average earnings per job rose from $38,903 in 1969 to $41,076 in 2017, for a net gain of $2,174, or 5.6%. In comparison, Arizona's real average earnings per job advanced from $35,049 in 1969 to $51,091 in 2017, for a net advance of $16,041, or 45.8%.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Pinal County's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Arizona, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Pinal County's overall real average earnings per job growth was 5.6% over 1969-2017 trailed Arizona's increase of 45.8%, and fell below the United States' increase of 59.1%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 portrays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Pinal County and Arizona average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2017.
In 1969, Pinal County's average earnings per job amounted to 108.2% of the national average; in 2017, it approximated 71.8%. Similarly, in 1969, Arizona's average earnings per job totaled 97.5% of the national average; in 2017, it consisted of 89.3%.
Pinal County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Pinal County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Pinal County's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Pinal County's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 0.25% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 1976 (11.22%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1975 (-12.66%). In 2017, Pinal County's real average earnings per job grew by 2.57%
Pinal County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Pinal County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again depicts the annual percent change in Pinal County's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Pinal County's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged 1.64%. It averaged -0.79% throughout the 1980s, 0.79% in the 1990s, -0.86% in the 2000s, and 0.49% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Pinal County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Arizona and the nation. As the chart reveals, Pinal County's average annual real average earnings per job growth outperformed Arizona's average during the 1970s (1.64% vs. 0.80%), posted below Arizona's average in the 1980s (-0.79% vs. -0.12%), lagged Arizona's average in the 1990s (0.79% vs. 1.90%), fell below Arizona's average in the 2000s (-0.86% vs. 0.64%), and trailed Arizona's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (0.49% vs. 0.81%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Pinal County surpassed the nation over the 1970s (1.64% vs. 0.89%), fell under the nation over the 1980s (-0.79% vs. 0.70%), lagged the nation in the 1990s (0.79% vs. 1.68%), trailed the nation in the 2000s (-0.86% vs. 0.72%), and trailed the nation over 2010-2017 (0.49% vs. 0.92%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.25
1.64
-0.79
0.79
-0.86
0.49
2.57
 
0.80
0.80
-0.12
1.90
0.64
0.81
2.16
 
0.98
0.89
0.70
1.68
0.72
0.92
1.41
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Pinal County:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,786
0.200
38,903
100.0
N
110.99
108.20
1970
 
7,939
0.210
37,893
97.4
-2.60
106.38
104.25
1971
 
9,011
0.218
41,259
106.1
8.88
111.41
110.90
1972
 
9,142
0.226
40,477
104.0
-1.90
105.70
104.90
1973
 
9,913
0.238
41,649
107.1
2.90
107.47
105.91
1974
 
12,100
0.263
46,041
118.4
10.54
121.91
121.56
1975
 
11,448
0.285
40,211
103.4
-12.66
110.32
106.57
1976
 
13,431
0.300
44,721
115.0
11.22
120.14
116.01
1977
 
13,462
0.320
42,087
108.2
-5.89
113.67
108.20
1978
 
14,194
0.342
41,489
106.6
-1.42
110.85
105.23
1979
 
16,594
0.373
44,548
114.5
7.37
117.71
113.64
1980
 
17,728
0.413
42,965
110.4
-3.55
115.91
112.98
1981
 
19,746
0.450
43,920
112.9
2.22
118.91
115.54
1982
 
18,728
0.475
39,464
101.4
-10.15
109.02
104.04
1983
 
17,586
0.495
35,547
91.4
-9.93
98.13
92.89
1984
 
19,744
0.513
38,455
98.8
8.18
105.00
97.77
1985
 
19,734
0.531
37,141
95.5
-3.42
101.50
93.34
1986
 
20,518
0.543
37,793
97.1
1.76
100.66
92.88
1987
 
21,796
0.560
38,947
100.1
3.05
102.42
94.19
1988
 
24,648
0.582
42,387
109.0
8.83
110.81
100.91
1989
 
24,462
0.607
40,306
103.6
-4.91
107.95
95.98
1990
 
24,852
0.634
39,226
100.8
-2.68
106.01
93.34
1991
 
26,812
0.655
40,951
105.3
4.40
108.07
97.28
1992
 
27,210
0.672
40,480
104.1
-1.15
103.24
92.50
1993
 
28,269
0.689
41,033
105.5
1.37
103.80
93.78
1994
 
27,808
0.703
39,540
101.6
-3.64
99.07
89.83
1995
 
28,556
0.718
39,765
102.2
0.57
98.53
90.20
1996
 
30,629
0.733
41,760
107.3
5.02
102.14
93.19
1997
 
30,179
0.746
40,443
104.0
-3.15
96.76
88.04
1998
 
31,648
0.752
42,076
108.2
4.04
95.85
87.72
1999
 
33,131
0.763
43,400
111.6
3.15
96.42
87.59
2000
 
31,908
0.782
40,785
104.8
-6.02
88.14
79.81
2001
 
30,463
0.797
38,203
98.2
-6.33
82.12
73.45
2002
 
32,133
0.808
39,774
102.2
4.11
84.29
75.77
2003
 
33,280
0.824
40,409
103.9
1.60
84.94
76.23
2004
 
34,667
0.844
41,070
105.6
1.63
84.37
76.26
2005
 
33,562
0.868
38,660
99.4
-5.87
78.57
71.94
2006
 
34,916
0.892
39,155
100.6
1.28
77.24
72.07
2007
 
35,770
0.914
39,119
100.6
-0.09
77.82
72.43
2008
 
37,444
0.942
39,758
102.2
1.63
81.23
74.45
2009
 
37,218
0.941
39,554
101.7
-0.51
82.55
74.38
2010
 
38,664
0.957
40,400
103.8
2.14
84.10
74.09
2011
 
40,108
0.981
40,872
105.1
1.17
85.30
74.79
2012
 
40,131
1.000
40,131
103.2
-1.81
82.93
72.54
2013
 
41,138
1.013
40,591
104.3
1.15
83.12
73.31
2014
 
42,166
1.029
40,990
105.4
0.98
83.59
73.48
2015
 
42,269
1.031
40,987
105.4
-0.01
82.34
72.41
2016
 
41,743
1.042
40,047
102.9
-2.29
80.07
71.02
2017
 
43,571
1.061
41,076
105.6
2.57
80.40
71.83
Source: Calculations by the Arizona Regional Economic Analysis Project (AZ-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Arizona:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,015
0.200
35,049
100.0
N
97.49
1970
 
7,463
0.210
35,619
101.6
1.63
97.99
1971
 
8,089
0.218
37,035
105.7
3.97
99.55
1972
 
8,649
0.226
38,295
109.3
3.40
99.24
1973
 
9,224
0.238
38,753
110.6
1.20
98.54
1974
 
9,925
0.263
37,768
107.8
-2.54
99.71
1975
 
10,377
0.285
36,450
104.0
-3.49
96.60
1976
 
11,179
0.300
37,224
106.2
2.12
96.56
1977
 
11,843
0.320
37,026
105.6
-0.53
95.19
1978
 
12,804
0.342
37,428
106.8
1.09
94.93
1979
 
14,098
0.373
37,845
108.0
1.11
96.55
1980
 
15,295
0.413
37,067
105.8
-2.06
97.47
1981
 
16,606
0.450
36,937
105.4
-0.35
97.17
1982
 
17,179
0.475
36,199
103.3
-2.00
95.43
1983
 
17,922
0.495
36,226
103.4
0.07
94.67
1984
 
18,803
0.513
36,623
104.5
1.10
93.11
1985
 
19,442
0.531
36,591
104.4
-0.09
91.96
1986
 
20,384
0.543
37,546
107.1
2.61
92.27
1987
 
21,280
0.560
38,025
108.5
1.28
91.96
1988
 
22,245
0.582
38,253
109.1
0.60
91.07
1989
 
22,661
0.607
37,339
106.5
-2.39
88.91
1990
 
23,443
0.634
37,003
105.6
-0.90
88.05
1991
 
24,809
0.655
37,892
108.1
2.40
90.02
1992
 
26,355
0.672
39,208
111.9
3.47
89.60
1993
 
27,233
0.689
39,529
112.8
0.82
90.34
1994
 
28,070
0.703
39,911
113.9
0.97
90.68
1995
 
28,981
0.718
40,357
115.1
1.12
91.54
1996
 
29,989
0.733
40,886
116.7
1.31
91.24
1997
 
31,191
0.746
41,798
119.3
2.23
90.99
1998
 
33,019
0.752
43,899
125.3
5.03
91.52
1999
 
34,361
0.763
45,011
128.4
2.53
90.84
2000
 
36,202
0.782
46,274
132.0
2.80
90.55
2001
 
37,096
0.797
46,522
132.7
0.54
89.44
2002
 
38,120
0.808
47,185
134.6
1.42
89.89
2003
 
39,181
0.824
47,574
135.7
0.82
89.75
2004
 
41,091
0.844
48,679
138.9
2.32
90.39
2005
 
42,713
0.868
49,202
140.4
1.07
91.56
2006
 
45,205
0.892
50,693
144.6
3.03
93.31
2007
 
45,963
0.914
50,267
143.4
-0.84
93.07
2008
 
46,096
0.942
48,945
139.6
-2.63
91.65
2009
 
45,085
0.941
47,915
136.7
-2.10
90.10
2010
 
45,976
0.957
48,039
137.1
0.26
88.10
2011
 
47,017
0.981
47,913
136.7
-0.26
87.67
2012
 
48,390
1.000
48,390
138.1
0.99
87.47
2013
 
49,492
1.013
48,834
139.3
0.92
88.19
2014
 
50,441
1.029
49,035
139.9
0.41
87.90
2015
 
51,333
1.031
49,777
142.0
1.51
87.93
2016
 
52,130
1.042
50,012
142.7
0.47
88.69
2017
 
54,193
1.061
51,091
145.8
2.16
89.34
Source: Calculations by the Arizona Regional Economic Analysis Project (AZ-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,196
0.200
35,953
100.0
N
1970
 
7,615
0.210
36,349
101.1
1.10
1971
 
8,125
0.218
37,202
103.5
2.35
1972
 
8,715
0.226
38,587
107.3
3.72
1973
 
9,360
0.238
39,326
109.4
1.92
1974
 
9,954
0.263
37,877
105.4
-3.69
1975
 
10,742
0.285
37,733
104.9
-0.38
1976
 
11,577
0.300
38,550
107.2
2.17
1977
 
12,442
0.320
38,898
108.2
0.90
1978
 
13,489
0.342
39,429
109.7
1.36
1979
 
14,602
0.373
39,199
109.0
-0.58
1980
 
15,692
0.413
38,030
105.8
-2.98
1981
 
17,091
0.450
38,015
105.7
-0.04
1982
 
18,001
0.475
37,932
105.5
-0.22
1983
 
18,932
0.495
38,267
106.4
0.88
1984
 
20,194
0.513
39,331
109.4
2.78
1985
 
21,143
0.531
39,792
110.7
1.17
1986
 
22,092
0.543
40,692
113.2
2.26
1987
 
23,141
0.560
41,350
115.0
1.62
1988
 
24,425
0.582
42,003
116.8
1.58
1989
 
25,487
0.607
41,996
116.8
-0.02
1990
 
26,625
0.634
42,025
116.9
0.07
1991
 
27,561
0.655
42,095
117.1
0.17
1992
 
29,415
0.672
43,760
121.7
3.96
1993
 
30,143
0.689
43,754
121.7
-0.01
1994
 
30,956
0.703
44,015
122.4
0.60
1995
 
31,658
0.718
44,085
122.6
0.16
1996
 
32,868
0.733
44,813
124.6
1.65
1997
 
34,281
0.746
45,939
127.8
2.51
1998
 
36,079
0.752
47,967
133.4
4.41
1999
 
37,823
0.763
49,547
137.8
3.29
2000
 
39,978
0.782
51,100
142.1
3.13
2001
 
41,477
0.797
52,016
144.7
1.79
2002
 
42,407
0.808
52,491
146.0
0.91
2003
 
43,657
0.824
53,009
147.4
0.99
2004
 
45,458
0.844
53,853
149.8
1.59
2005
 
46,650
0.868
53,737
149.5
-0.22
2006
 
48,444
0.892
54,325
151.1
1.09
2007
 
49,385
0.914
54,009
150.2
-0.58
2008
 
50,294
0.942
53,402
148.5
-1.12
2009
 
50,038
0.941
53,179
147.9
-0.42
2010
 
52,187
0.957
54,529
151.7
2.54
2011
 
53,628
0.981
54,650
152.0
0.22
2012
 
55,324
1.000
55,324
153.9
1.23
2013
 
56,117
1.013
55,371
154.0
0.09
2014
 
57,382
1.029
55,782
155.2
0.74
2015
 
58,377
1.031
56,607
157.4
1.48
2016
 
58,777
1.042
56,389
156.8
-0.38
2017
 
60,660
1.061
57,187
159.1
1.41
Source: Calculations by the Arizona Regional Economic Analysis Project (AZ-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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